Which of the following diseases can be used for throat swab collection?
We are no strangers to throat swabs, but do you know which diseases it applies to? Take a look.
In general, the shaping of the pharyngeal isthmus requires all normal and beneficial bacteria in the oral cavity without the growth and development of pathogenic bacteria. The germs in the throat are all from the outside, and they do not get sick under normal conditions, but infections and other external factors can cause illnesses such as infections under the body or part of the immune system. Therefore, bacterial culture of throat swabs can isolate pathogenic bacteria, which is conducive to the diagnosis of diphtheria, purulent tonsillitis and acute pharyngitis.
Pharyngeal swabs are often use clinically to check bacterial or fungal inflammation of the throat, such as chronic pharyngitis, mycoplasma infection, candidal pharyngitis, diphtheria, suppurative tonsillitis, and acute pharyngitis.
Pharyngeal swabs are mainly use for bacterial culture to identify the pathogens of the above diseases. When the patient has repeated pharyngeal pain, pharyngeal discomfort, itching, painful swallowing and other symptoms.
Patients will experience repeated throat pain, pharyngeal discomfort, itching, painful swallowing. In severe cases, they will have slow onset, headache, fatigue, fever, cough, and a small amount of sticky sputum. Sometimes they will continue to have a high fever or even loss of appetite. symptom.
When pathogenic bacteria are detecte in sputum and throat swab secretions, it is regard as a respiratory infection. Cooperate with other inspections (such as X-ray fluoroscopy, B-ultrasound, etc.) to confirm the location of the respiratory system infection. Common pathogens for respiratory infections include: Staphylococcus, Pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus infection, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, etc.
If tuberculosis is shaped, it is tuberculosis. If you create a yeast-like yeast, you should consider whether the antibiotics are not use well or too much during the infection period. The antibiotics should be stop immediately and replace with antifungal drugs, such as amphotericin B, griseofulvin, clotrimazole suppository, etc.
① Check the doctor’s order and be prepare.
②. Ask the patient to rinse his mouth with clean water, then let the patient open his mouth to make an “ah” sound, and use a tongue depressor if necessary.
③. Take out the disposable sampling swab, gently and quickly wipe the two palatal arches, tonsils and posterior pharynx three times.
④ Put the swab head vertically to avoid contamination of the tube wall, forcefully break off the tail of the swab at the mouth of the sampling tube, discard the tail, tighten and cover the tube cap (strictly perform aseptic operation)
⑤ After sampling, check the patient’s name again.
⑥. Indicate the retention time of the specimen and submit it for inspection in time.
①. When putting the swab into the tube, it should be place vertically, not to wipe it to the bottle mouth to avoid contamination. When placing it in the transfer box, it should be place vertically to avoid leakage.
② It is best to send/sent to the laboratory for inspection on the day of sampling.
③. Appropriate specimens must be consistent with the inspection form before inspection. The appearance of the sampling tube must be clear and well-known and basic information. Specimens without basic information cannot be tested; specimens submitted for inspection must be submitted (or electronically submitted in advance). , Submit inspection form and other materials. The submitted materials should be ensured not to be contaminat and not to be put together with the specimen.
④. In order to prevent sectioning when sampling, it should be avoide within 2 hours after the patient has eaten. The collection action is gentle, stable and agile to prevent discomfort to the patient.
⑤. The throat swab should not touch other parts during the collection process to ensure the accuracy of the remaining specimens.
⑥. When you decide to do a throat swab, please do not use antibacterial drugs.
⑦. The depth of throat swab collection and the length of mucosal contact time. When collecting throat swabs, if the subject’s vomiting reaction is relatively large, the sampling time is not enough or the inferior quality swabs are use, which may cause false negatives and delay treatment.